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Blue book on court informatization released

By: 2019/4/1 14:20:19
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A blue book on informatization of Chinese courts was issued by the Institute of Law of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and the Social Sciences Academic Press on March 1.  

In 2018, the informatization of courts realized new achievements, which greatly promoted justice for people, accelerated trial enforcement and perfected judicial management. The overall construction of smart courts is under way.  

Trials are being intelligentialized, which relieves judges of the pressure of handling routine work.  

With the further development of version 3.0, the informatization of courts played a bigger role in assisting judicial trials. Substantial progress has been made in the simultaneous generation of electronic archives with cases in nationwide courts. A total of 2,824 courts, or 80.46 percent of all those evaluated, can simultaneously generate electronic archives courts, and all courts in Beijing, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Chongqing and Yunnan are now able to simultaneously generate electronic archives.

The report shows that electronic delivery has prevailed in the whole nation and that trial assistance functions keep optimizing. Judges are gradually being eased of the pressure of routine work.

At present, electronic delivery is available in 2,951 courts across the nation, or 84.07 percent of all evaluated, an increase of 8.66 percent year-on-year. Among them, the courts in Shanghai, Tianjin, Hunan, Henan, Jilin and Xinjiang can delivered copies of indictments, notices of acceptance, summons, notices to produce evidence and so on through e-mail, short message, fax, websites and other electronic delivery methods; 2,942 courts, or 83.82% of those evaluated, can upload juridical documents online; and 3,078 courts or 87.92 percent of those evaluated can automatically provided case-related information for judges such as documents and schedules of opening and closing of court sessions.

More and more court informatization systems have functions such as related cases queries and information on laws and regulations, assistance in judicial document generation, and predictions of judgment, according to the report. More than 2,700 courts or 77.01 percent of those evaluated can now automatically provide law articles; 1,877 courts or 53.48 percent of those evaluated can generate formatted documents in batches; and 1,513 courts or 43.1 percent of those evaluated can provide references for sentence based on the analysis of similar cases using big data.

In 2018, mobile office and case handling was fully implemented by courts nationwide. With mobile terminals for mini courts and APPs, judges can handle cases, hold panel discussions and open court sessions anytime and anywhere.

Improved litigation service provides convenience for the people

In 2018, the courts at all levels have informatization platforms. The construction of smart courts has been advanced, litigation services has been optimized, judicial publicity has been improved, and remote services have made new progress.

Based on litigation service halls, a litigation service network, the 12368 litigation service hotline, and lawyer service platforms, the courts continuously provided more access and contents for parties, lawyers and the public, and actively provided interactive, all-round and three-dimensional litigation services such as online case filing, electronic delivery, live trials, and document and litigation archive queries, according to the report.

In 2018, 95.22 percent of all the courts in the nation built highly informationalized litigation service halls, 82.67 percent launched litigation service networks, and 77.64 percent opened a 12368 litigation service hotline, providing all-round and convenient litigation services.  

Courts at all levels have innovated measures for efficient services, promoted the development of electronic litigation, advanced judicial publicity, and built online litigation platforms.

Based on the unified trial information resource base for all the courts in Beijing, the Beijing Internet Court has established a full-process and integrated electronic litigation platform with the concepts of openness and inclusiveness, platform neutrality, data sharing, innovation and upgrading, as well as safety and controllability, by using emerging technologies such as big data, block chain, cloud computing and artificial intelligence.

The Guangzhou Intermediate People's Court has been exploring the law plus Internet model with a focus on mobile internet. It has a mobile service system to meet the diverse needs of parties, lawyers and judges.

The Chongqing Higher People's Court has created a one-stop service platform for parties and other litigation participants that integrates filing cases, paying fees, holding court sessions via online video, and online exchanges and cross-examinations.

In terms of long-distance service, 14 provincial level courts have piloted cross-region litigation services to address the problem of nonlocal litigation, and some areas have already implemented cross-region case filing.

Informatization helps resolve difficulties in enforcement: enforcement modes have changed profoundly

The report shows that in recent years, the decision analysis system, enforcement command system, property investigation and control platform, online auction platform and joint punishment platform built in the courts have help resolved some difficulties in enforcement and basically realized informatization. .

The report shows that informatization construction has profoundly changed the enforcement management mode.

In 2018, courts utilized informatization to improve the efficiency of property investigation, control and disposal, standardize acts of enforcement and enhance the transparency and authority of enforcement.

Nationwide courts have generally incorporated case enforcement into the case handling system to fill loopholes in enforcement, and achieved online case handling and interaction of PC and mobile terminals.

Through the systematic management of process nodes and important links, some courts have realized the digitalization and visualization of the enforcement supervision and management mode.

The optimization of the network inquiry and control system, the promotion of network judicial auctions and the establishment of the inquiry and evaluation system have profoundly changed the mode of property enforcement, and solved the problem of property realization. Besides, the joint punishment mechanism was implemented based on the credit investigation platform, which greatly improved efficiency in enforcement.

The courts will continue to promote in-depth integration of informatization and enforcement, strengthen the application of the information management system for the enforcement of cases, improve the nationwide network investigation and control system, explore accurate enforcement with big data, and establish a systematic and long-term enforcement mechanism suitable for the development of informatization.

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